A lot of leadership styles have been advanced by several studies which classifies these styles into coercive, authoritative, affirmative, democratic, pacesetter, mentoring/coach, etc.
The focus of leadership is result alignment with aspiration. To this extent, honesty, integrity and result delivery skills separates an effective leader from name-plate CEOs.
Goal execution are susceptible to surprises which are mostly unplanned for. The truth is that the devil is in every execution plan.
Most surprises are bad news and many times constitute setbacks. The leader must honestly report these bad news to gain respect and support from team members, instead of hiding behind facades.
Rather than trade blame of who did wrong or why things went wrong, a leader must stand upright, redirect team members to set goals and genuinely implement recovery plans.
Leading is a process with an end goal in mind. Getting to the end and achieving desired results include creating the path and actions, encouraging and empowering team members to perform and mentoring members to ensure standards are achieved.
When the leader fails in any of the above, goal spinning occurs and results are varied from plans.
In leadership, the most effective style is the best fit style that delivers the result with minimum abrasion, less cost and better synergy.
This means every leader at any time must adopt flexibility and adaptability principle in the management of people and resources.