1. Clear definition of the problem and its causative factors. In decision making, it is important for the leader to clearly identify the problems, concerns, difficulties or the situation facing him/her. The problem should be broken down into its component parts and the various factors influencing each component part should be identified and stated.


  1. Determine the objectives of what you intend to get from making the decision. Every decision must have goals and objectives. Every leader must ask the questions; what is my objective of making this decision? What do I or my organization stand to gain? How does this decision contribute to the overall goals of my team?


  1. Create a range of solutions for each problem. Before a decision is reached on any issue, the leader must create a range of solutions that addresses each of the causative factors as stated above. A decision-making model should comprise a design of alternative options to generated solutions, aimed at solving a problem.


  1. Evaluation of range of solutions. When a leader has generated several solutions to solving a problem, she/he evaluates each of them by attaching risk and probability of success or failure to each of the alternatives. This stage is critical as final judgment of the method to be adopted will depend on the outcome of the evaluation process.


  1. Decision making based on best alternative. This is based on the outcome of the evaluation process. For a professional leader, their choice of alternative will be the best fitted solution that will deliver maximum benefits. However, the selected alternative must match the objectives of the leader and contribute to the fulfilment of the organizational vision.


  1. Decision Implementation. When a decision has been made by a leader, she/he should waste no time but commence immediate implementation. A well thought out decision has no place for fear of failure as all the important variables have been considered. There are important elements of decision implementation that the leader must monitor. The leader must state what should be done, where, when and by who.


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