1.Majority rule technique. Some leaders adopt the majority rule technique when faced with making tough decisions. The majority rule technique enables the leader to gather team members in a place and discuss the subject matter at hand.
Individuals and participants are asked to state their positions, and everyone is given the right of fair hearing. At the end of deliberation, the major convergent points are outlined and are subjected to voting to arrive at tough decisions. By simple majority rule, the alternative that has the highest number of votes becomes the decision for the day.
2.The Democratic technique. The democratic technique is another name for the middle of the road approach in making tough decisions. The principle is built on accommodation of all shades of differences and views of all participants but at the end, a consensus position is agreed upon as the final decision of the team.
3.The Consultative Technique. Many times, a leader has a position or mindset on an issue or a plan while making tough decisions which involves the team and the organization. In the process of making a tough decision about the program, she/he may invite the team leadership to share his/her thoughts on the program and solicit for their input. The consultative technique in tough decision making is participatory in nature as team members are required to make contributions that could be incorporated into the final decision. The consultative technique enhances team collaboration and creates the effect that “we made the tough decision”.
4.The Command technique. Unfortunately, this seems to be the most common decision-making technique of most leaders when faced with making tough decisions. Drawing from their positions or their subject knowledge expertise, most leaders make tough decisions that can best be seen as orders.
5.The Mirror/Poll/Survey technique. This is a technique that is hinged on the belief that customers, stakeholders and other focus groups are a key component whose views must be sought and used as input in tough decision-making process. The leader undertakes poll or survey to gain knowledge of the views of these groups to understand issues of relevance and consequently make tough decisions based on its findings.